Immunology

The Immunology Laboratory is the clinical component of the Immunology Division. The Laboratory performs and offers expert interpretation on a broad array of laboratory tests and comprehensive consultation in clinical and diagnostic immunology. In addition, the laboratory is involved in research and the development of diagnostic tests for a wide range of immune-based disorders. Approximately, 1000 tests are performed each year for the evaluation of autoantibodies, protein abnormalities and antibody responses to selected microbial agents. The Immunology Department is managed by highly experienced professional, who brings more than 20 years of dedicated managerial experience to their positions, and a staff of 8 skilled medical laboratory professionals.

Various tests are performed on highly compact FDA approved analyzers to accurately identify antibodies or investigate problems in the immune system.  The Immunoglobulin’s test seeks to identify them because an excessive or deficient presence may be caused by infection, autoimmune disorders, cancers and chronic diseases.  The Rheumatoid Factor test analyzes arthritis and HLA Typing (Human leukocyte antigens) is used to identify the level of compatibility in organ, tissue and bone marrow transplantation as well as paternity capability.

Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks the body it is meant to protect.

People suffering from autoimmune diseases have a defect that makes them unable to distinguish ‘self’ from ‘non-self’ or ‘foreign’ molecules. The principles of immunology have provided a wide variety of laboratory tests for the detection of autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune diseases can be localised, such as Crohn’s Disease affecting the GI tract, or systemic, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Allergies are hypersensitivity disorders that occur when the body’s immune system reacts against harmless foreign substances, resulting in damage to the body’s own tissues.

Immunology strives to understand what happens to the body during an allergic response and the factors responsible for causing them. This should lead to better methods of diagnosing, preventing and controlling allergic diseases.

Transplants involve transferring cells, tissues or organs from a donor to a recipient.

The most formidable barrier to transplants is the immune system’s recognition of the transplanted organs as foreign. Understanding the mechanisms and clinical features of rejection is important in determining a diagnosis, advising treatment and is critical for developing new strategies and drugs to manage transplants and limit the risk of rejection.

Vaccines are agents that teach the body to recognise and defend itself against infections from harmful pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses and Parasites

Several infectious diseases including smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, tuberculosis and polio are no longer a threat in Europe due to the successful application of vaccines.

DOW Diagnostics Laboratory performs and offers expert interpretation on a broad array of laboratory tests and comprehensive consultation in clinical and diagnostic immunology. In addition, the laboratory is involved in research and the development of diagnostic tests for a wide range of immune-based disorders.