Description and objectives:
This event will discuss the pathophysiological insights into several distinct features of hematological and histopathological disorders to understand the essential pathological processes of various diseases and the laboratory aspects for diagnosis of these disorders at genetic and molecular level.
The audience targeted for this event will cover medical students and generals practitioners to advanced pediatricians and gynecologists about how they can translate basic laboratory findings into their clinical practices. This lecture series will also be beneficial for sub specialties including hematologists and oncologists in updating them about the recent advancements in molecular and cytogenetics with reference to applications in their clinical practices. We will particularly explore how the cytogenetic and molecular tests discover genetic diseases, providing preventive measures for tested patients or their relatives, monitor the response of certain diseases to treatment and recurrence of diseases, e.g. Philadelphia chromosome analysis for leukemia.
Another aspect of this event will discuss the quality assurance procedures and policies implemented in laboratories to ensure safe and reliable laboratory practices.
At the end of this meeting the participants will recognize the importance of molecular genetic testing and diagnosis in analysis and monitoring of genetically linked cancers and other hematological abnormalities.
Cytopathology is a diagnostic technique that examines cells from various body sites to determine the cause or the nature of disease. The PAP test (cervical smear), fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of masses like cancers and fluids from body cavities comprise the main specimens on which cytologic diagnosis is made.
Flow cytometry reports on immune-labelled haemopoietic cells to identify their origin and cytogenetic abnormalities to enable accurate diagnosis and typing of leukaemia and lymphoma. Dow Diagnostics is one of the few national laboratories that can offer cancer cytogenetics, molecular genetics and 8-color flow cytometry services in one location.
Histopathology involves the gross and microscopic examination of diseased tissues removed at surgery. The tissues include small tissues like endoscopic biopsies, skin lesions, wide resections of tumors or entire organs eg. uterus. Dow Diagnostics offers immunophenotyping of cancers for diagnostic accuracy, prognostication and prediction on cancer tissues.
Immunology is branch of medicine and biology that covers all aspects of the immune system including its development, anatomy functions and malfunctions which are all relatively crucial to the analysis of human disease.
Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome—the individual’s genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteins—by applying molecular biology to medical testing.
Cytogenetics is also known as chromosome analysis. It’s a kind of test that can identify numerical and structural abnormalities in chromosomes that can help diagnose certain types of leukemias, lymphomas and inherited disorders.
Hematology department of DOW Diagnostics encompasses most advanced, sensitive, and precise instruments and well experienced faculties enabling accurate and prompt diagnosis of hemoglobinopathies and coagulation deformities.
Our Immunohistochemistry section provides a composite panel of immunohistochemical antibodies in use as diagnostic, prognostic and predictive markers in oncologic diagnosis. In addition IHC markers for specific infections can also be performed.
Microbiology section of Dow Diagnostics Laboratory performs a wide variety of inhouse microbiological testing including Bacteriology, Mycology, Rapid Virology, Molecular Diagnostics and Parasitology.
Clinical chemistry department offers routine to the highly specialized investigations. Routine chemistry is performed on a fully automated chemistry analyzer having a throughput of 800 tests/hour.